Hecke, Jan van den

(Ronse 1620 - 1684 Antwerpen)

Still Life of a Basket of Flowers

Oil on panel
39 x 27.5 cm

Still Life of a Basket of Flowers

Amsterdam, 26 oktober 2020

Dear Sander,

I have studied the photo of your Still life of flowers in a basket upon a stone table (oil on panel, 39 x 27,5 cm) (fig. 1), which I have also inspected in person on various occasions. In my opinion, this floral still life is a characteristic work of the Antwerp painter Jan van den Hecke the Elder (1619-1684), probably painted in the later 1640s, probably in Antwerp.
Jan van den Hecke became a pupil of the obscure painter Abraham Hack (active 1623/24-1638/39), in Antwerp in 1636, and was accepted as a master there in 1642. Reportedly, he was in Italy from about 1653 to 1658, but otherwise worked in Antwerp. He was a prolific painter of mainly still lifes and of flower paintings which, like the present one, were characteristically painted with a relatively bright palette that included strong red, white, blue, and yellow. He often worked on panel, regularly on canvas, and occasionally on copper supports. He did not often sign his works and very rarely dated any, but several paintings were documented early on as his, particularly paintings he sold to Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Habsburg (1614-1662), governor of the Southern Netherlands from 1648 to 1656. Leopold Wilhelm extensively collected work by Flemish painters and appears to have been keen on van den Hecke’s flower paintings. He took a number of them back with him to Vienna, where in part they eventually ended up in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, while others were sold at some point. A garland of flowers around the portrait(?) of a young man by Jan Lievens (fig. 2), which is commonly dated to 1642-1644, is probably somewhat earlier than your painting, while a basket of flowers in Leopold Wilhelm’s collection was probably done later (fig. 3). A number of flower pieces by Jan van den Hecke are particularly close in type and execution to your painting (figs. 4, 5, and 6), which fairly recently surfaced in a French private collection. Particularly the last of these has a similarly highly built-up composition, with white narcissi at the top. Similarly high, but somewhat later, are two flower pieces with landscape backgrounds, on relatively large canvasses (figs. 7, and 8). The first, also from Leopold Wilhelm’s collection, was dated 1652 before it was reduced somewhat in size. A similar date for the second is confirmed by comparison of the fruit it contains with the fruit in another painting by Jan van den Hecke(fig. 9). That work in Vienna was originally part of a series, now dispersed, one of which is dated 1650. In view of this chronology, your painting will have originated in the later 1640s, which is corroborated by the dendrochronological dating of the panel.

With best wishes,

Fred Meijer
Fred G. Meijer Art History

Fig. 1 - The subject of this letter

Fig. 2 - Jan van den Hecke I and Jan Lievens, oil on panel 50,5 x 46 cm. Vienna Kunsthistorisches Museum, inv. no. GG 412.

Fig. 3 - Jan van den Hecke I, oil on panel 51,5 x 67 cm. Vienna Kunsthistorisches Museum, inv. no. GG 1748

Fig. 4 - Jan van den Hecke I, oil on panel, 43,5 x 28 cm. Location unknown. Fig. 5 - Jan van den Hecke I, signed in verso, oil on panel, 35 x 27 cm. Location unknown. Fig. 6 - Jan van den Hecke I, oil on panel, 45 x 32,7 cm. Location unknown.

Fig. 7 - Jan van den Hecke I, oil on canvas, 80 x 60 cm. Location unknown. Fig. 8 - Jan van den Hecke I, formerly dated 1652, oil on canvas, 65,8 x 38,7 cm. Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum, inv. no. GG 7989.

Fig. 9 - Jan van den Hecke I, oil on canvas, 58 x 42 cm. Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum, inv. no. GG 551.

All information and conclusions concerning works of art provided upon request by Fred G. Meijer Art History are the result of Dr. Fred G. Meijer’s research, performed to the best of his knowledge and ability, and such information is not intended as a certificate. All liability for consequences of this service is excluded.

Please contact Mr. Sander Bijl for more information